South West of Sri Lanka, on the equator.
Formed above peaks emerging from the depths of the ocean,
upon layers of both living and dead coral, and remnants
of other marine life, most of the islands are covered
with dense tropical vegetation. Coconut palms towering
above dense shrubs and hardy plants protecting the shores
from erosion are natural features on most islands. The
smaller islands and sandbanks under formation are also
wonders in themselves. They embody living entities in
various stages of formation, interdependent elements
in a food chain in which birds, fish, and other marine
life co-exist. Humans form the apex, as caretakers.
of a total of 1190 islands, 200 are inhabited, and 88
are set aside for exclusive tourist resort development.
Measuring 820 kilometres north to south and 120 kilometres
east to west at its greatest width, the closest neighbours
are India and Sri Lanka.
Generally warm and humid, the sun shines all year through.
Average temperature is around 29 - 32 degrees Celsius.